Vertigo is a sensation of dizziness where a person can experience loss of balance accompanied by a false feeling of the surroundings going around in circles. Vertigo attacks generally continue for a few seconds but sometimes last hours or even days. There are mainly two types of vertigo, first is peripheral vertigo, which occurs due to issues with the inner ear.
The second is central vertigo, which occurs due to traumatic brain injuries, brain tumors, infections, or strokes. Fortunately, Vertigo is curable in most cases. You can overcome this disorder and live a healthy life with the effective treatment provided by the best neurologist in Mumbai.
Who is more Prone to Vertigo?
People who come under the following categories are most likely to experience vertigo attacks:
- People with ear infections are often prone to Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo (BPPV), Meniere’s disease, and vestibular neuritis.
- Vertigo is frequently common among patients in the emergency room.
- People addicted to drugs, and alcohol is most likely to get vertigo.
- Although vertigo attacks can happen at any age, people over 65 are more likely to get vertigo attacks than younger people.
- People with brain tumours or other neurological conditions can also trigger vertigo.
- Women are slightly more likely than men to suffer from vertigo.
- Some women experience vertigo as a side effect of pregnancy.
Ways to Manage Vertigo
Treatment for vertigo varies from person to person and mostly depends on the primary cause behind it. Although some treatment options include medication, vestibular rehabilitation, surgery, etc., you can manage your symptoms with the following measures:
Many vertigo patients start with the Epley technique, sometimes called the “Canalith” repositioning procedure. BPPV patients benefit greatly from this process, which requires them to sit in a straight position with a pillow behind them and tilt their head towards the right at a 45° angle. After 30 seconds, they need to move their head and body gradually at 90° to their left. Further, they must return to the initial posture by slowly sitting upright and facing ahead. By performing this activity thrice, people can regain their lost balance.
It is another effective technique that helps people with vertigo. Although it is a safe exercise to manage vertigo effects, people must practice it at a safe place and avoid driving immediately after the session. It is crucial because Brandt-daroff sometimes increases dizziness for a short time.
To begin this process, people must sit flat on the floor, leaving their legs loose. Further, they need to turn their head to the left as much as possible, then lie down on the right side with their head and body on the ground. They must spend at least 30 seconds in this position without moving their head. Next, they must turn their head to the right and lie down on the left side.
For best results, people must repeat this exercise in a set of five around thrice a day.
It involves a similar combination of motions and is an excellent method for treating vertigo at home. Although this process requires less neck flexibility than the Epley manoeuvre, both are quite similar.
According to research, Ginkgo biloba works similarly to the most often prescribed prescription medicine for vertigo. Ginkgo biloba extract is available in liquid and tablet form. It is said that taking 240 mg of this medicine can enhance their balance and have fewer vertigo symptoms. However, before starting any medication, you must consult the best neurologist in your city and seek guidance.
Yoga is well-known for increasing flexibility and balance along with decreasing stress. Generally, physical therapy and exercises teach the human brain to compensate for the source of dizziness. Practising basic yoga poses like corpse pose and child’s pose can reduce dizziness to a great extent. However, any activity that demands sudden forward bending must be avoided because it may temporarily worsen vertigo problems.
Meniere’s disease and other vertigo-causing disorders are induced by stress. Therefore, stress management programs to deal with difficult situations may reduce your vertigo attacks. Some exercises like deep breathing techniques and meditation are effective options for coping with stress and dizziness. Most importantly, people with vertigo must sleep 7-8 hours to reduce vertigo episodes.
Reduce Alcohol Consumption
Alcohol consumption can change the fluid composition in the inner ear and make people feel wobbly. In addition, alcohol is a dehydrator and may disrupt body equilibrium. Therefore, to alleviate vertigo symptoms, people must consider lowering their alcohol consumption.
Vertigo is not a severe condition, but if it persists, it could indicate something serious. In the short term, home remedies for vertigo are useful. However, identifying the source is critical if people experience vertigo attacks frequently. In that case, getting a diagnosis from the best neurologist in Mumbai and getting effective treatment is crucial.
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