Conditions Treated by Neurosurgeons

Conditions that Neurosurgery Specialists Treat

Who Are Neurosurgeons?

Doctors with expertise in diagnosing and surgically treating conditions concerning the spine, brain, and other parts of the nervous system are known as Neurosurgeons.

Neurosurgeons are different from neurologists. Neurosurgeons are certified experts in neurosurgery in Delhi or other locations that focus mainly on surgical treatments.

What Are the Primary Responsibilities of a Neurosurgeon?

A Neurosurgeon treats many conditions, like:

  • Peripheral neuropathy (a condition involving nerves that bear messages for the brain)
  • Lower back pain
  • Brain tumours
  • Median nerve compression or Carpal tunnel syndrome

Neurosurgeons use advanced imaging technologies for diagnosing medical issues. These state-of-the-art technologies are:

  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)
  • Computed Tomography (CT scan)
  • Magnetoencephalography (MEG scan)
  • Positron Emission Tomography (PET scan)

Conditions Treated by Neurosurgeons

Neurosurgeons use surgical and non-surgical methods to treat conditions concerning the spine, brain, nervous system, skull, and blood vessels.

  1. Spinal Disorders

The spinal cord is made up of 26 bones or vertebrae, which are supported by intervertebral discs. The spinal column helps the spinal cord and nerves carry and deliver messages throughout the body. Injury or diseases can affect the spinal cord and lead to pain and nerve damage. Issues like obesity, poor posture, old age, severe accidents, sports injuries, and congenital disabilities can trigger problems related to spinal disorders. Some of the conditions that Neurosurgeons treat are:

  • Herniated discs
  • Spondylolisthesis
  • Spinal arthritis
  • Spinal stenosis
  • Osteoporosis
  • Fractures
  • Degenerative disc disease
  • Spinal deformities such as Kyphosis, Scoliosis, Lordosis
  • Spina bifida
  • Spine cancer
  • Peripheral Nerve Injuries

The peripheral nervous system delivers messages from the brain to the arms, feet, hands, legs, face, trunk, and internal organs. Injury or damage to the peripheral nervous system can disrupt the signals. The body starts getting abnormal signals from the brain, which results in weakness, altered sensation, lack of sensation, and loss of motor skills in the area of distress. Traumatic car accidents, sports injuries, and fractures can lead to peripheral nerve injuries. Neurosurgery in Delhi helps in taking care of peripheral nerve injuries, including:

  • Bicycler’s neuropathy or Ulnar nerve compression
  • Median Nerve compression
  • Posterior tibial nerve neuralgia
  • Peroneal nerve compression
  • Brachial plexus injuries
  • Sciatic nerve injuries
  1. Neurovascular Disorders

In neurovascular disorders, blood flow in the spinal cord and brain gets severely affected by blockages, a haemorrhage, or hardened blood vessels. Sometimes these conditions can trigger deadly symptoms. Neurovascular disorders’ symptoms include loss of balance and coordination, trouble walking, confusion, seizures, severe headaches, drastic change in mental status, nausea, difficulty speaking, and frequent passing out. Neurosurgeons diagnose and treat conditions such as:

  • Cerebral aneurysm
  • Carotid artery stenosis
  • Transient ischaemic attacks(TIAS) or mini-stroke
  • Strokes
  • Brain haemorrhages
  • Brain haematomas
  1. Tumours

Neurosurgeons have expertise in taking out tumours from the brain, spine, spinal cord, skull, and neurovascular system.

  1. Traumatic Injuries

Neurosurgeons are experts in performing critical surgeries on the brain, spine, and head injuries. These injuries include:

  • Traumatic brain injuries (TBIs)
  • Spine fractures
  • Mild traumatic brain injury
  • Spinal cord injuries
  • Brain haematomas
  • Brain haemorrhages
  • Fractured skull
  • Broke bones
  1. Acute Pain

Conditions like chronic pain can be diagnosed and treated by the best neurologist in Delhi. These acute pain conditions include:

  • Severe headaches
  • Neck and back pain
  • Facial pain
  • Neuropathy

Some More Severe Conditions that Neurosurgeons Treat:

  1. Meningitis

Meningitis occurs when the fluid and the membranes (meninges) surrounding the spinal cord and the brain gets inflamed. The symptoms are more severe and prolonged than a fever. Neurosurgeons decide the type of treatment for meningitis depending on the type of infection.

  1. Spinal Disk Herniation

The spinal disks are cushion-like shields for the bones to protect them from rubbing against each other. A herniation is a condition when the inner material of the disk becomes swollen and starts hurting the outer membrane. The patient can face severe discomfort and acute pain if the spinal disk ruptures. Neurosurgeons can perform immediate surgery to improve this situation.

  1. Parkinson’s Disease

In Parkinson’s disease, the part of the brain that regulates movement gets affected. Parkinson’s disease can affect the sense of balance, and the patient can experience tremors. You can treat it with medication, but sometimes if the complications are more, surgery is required. If the condition starts troubling the patient’s quality of life severely, the neurosurgeon implants an electrode to stimulate the brain and help the patient get on with their life.

  1. Epilepsy

Epilepsy is a disorder in the central nervous system which triggers abnormal brain activities resulting in seizures and sometimes loss of awareness. Neurosurgeons can treat epilepsy through surgical procedures like laser ablation surgery, targeting the particular lesions in the brain causing seizures.


Neurosurgery in Delhi can help with several conditions. For example, chronic pain, sports injury, tumours, and any neurovascular disorders, and it allows the patients to carry on with their life hassle-free.